A. ESSENTIAL NOTES :
1. As you have known before that sending application is not applying the job itself, but asking an opportunity to face job interview. That is why an applicant, on his application, must be able to convince the employer through answering all requirements positively that s/he is the right candidate to face job interview.
2. Some applicants get stressful on job interview, but some others have different point of view. If those applicants know what they have to do on job interview and make a good preparation, job interview is an interesting moment for this is the last step to get job or promoted.
3. As a matter of fact, job interview is asking and answering questions. A person, who is asking questions is called an interviewer whereas a person, who is answering questions is called interviewee. In other words, job interview means an interviewer versus interviewee.
4. Remember the final task of an interviewer is to recommend the interviewee or not.
5. In order to be well-prepared on job interview, an interviewee had better identify all possible questions and prepare the answers. There are two classifications of questions: first, general questions and second, specific questions. General questions will be asked to all interviewees while specific questions deal with skill and competency. Here are some general questions:
- Interviewer : Please tell me your family background.
Interviewee : I have one brother and one sister. I am the second child in family. My father is a policemen and my mother is a nurse.
- Interviewer : What’s your last education?
Interviewee : Now. I am a university student at Esa Unggul, Faculty of Public Health, Majoring _______________in semester three.
- Interviewer : How did you get this vacancy?
Interviewee : I got this vacancy from advertisement in daily ‘Kompas’.
- Interviewer : What is your motivation to work here?
Interviewee : I have several motivation to join this hospital, but the first priority is to earn money.
- Interviewer : About work experience, do you have any?
Interviewee : Yes. From 2005 to 2009, I worked as medical staff in Rumah Sakit Harapan Baru.
B. Job Interview Tips
For any job interview, it is important to be prepared to face the interview and impress the interviewer from the moment you arrive. Here are some tips on how you can make the right impression.
Tip 1: Look the Part
- Plan to dress professionally in conservative clothing with appropriate shoes, minimal jewelry, and perfume. Even if the office is casual, you should dress in business attire.
Tip 2: Before the Interview
- Bring a portfolio with extra copies of your resume, a list of references, and a notepad and pen. Use a breath mint before you enter the building. Leave the gadgets at home or turned off in your bag or briefcase.
Tip 3: Arrive on Time
- Arrive a few minutes early for your interview. It is very important to be on time for the interview. On time means ten to fifteen minutes early. Know the interviewer’s name and use it during the interview. If you’re not sure of the name, call and ask prior to the interview. When you arrive for your interview, greet the receptionist and let him or her know why you are there.
- Be on time. It’s best to get there a little early to allow time in case you get lost and need to fix your clothes and hair.
Tip 4: Answer Questions Calmly
- During the interview try to remain as calm as possible. Ask for clarification if you are not sure what has been asked and remember that it is perfectly acceptable to take a moment or two to frame your responses so you can be sure to fully answer the question.
- Make a list of questions beforehand to ask the interviewer.
Tip 5: Ask Questions About the Job
- Be prepared with questions of your own, because you will probably be asked if you have any at the end of the interview. Having questions will show that you have done your homework and are truly interested in the position.
- Be prepared. Know as much about the company and the job as possible and know why you’re the person they should hire. Practice answering possible questions.
Tip 6: Follow Up
- Ask your interviewer for a business card so that you will have the correct spelling of names and job titles for your thank you notes and follow up calls. It is important to thank the interviewer for their time and to let them know that you look forward to hearing from them. Follow up by sending a thank you note to everyone you interviewed with.
Tip 7 : Miscellaneous
- Give a firm handshake when greeting the interviewer and when saying good-bye.
- Maintain eye contact.
- Be confident and try to act as calmly as possible.
- Be honest.
C. CASES ON JOB INTERVIEW
Sometimes an interviewer gives cases or problems to an interviewee in order to find out more detail information about applicant’s character and ability. In solving the problem an interviewee must solve the problem effectively. Besides it, any given problem should be related to the workplace.
Here is an example :
A. Imagine that you are offered a perfect job. The salary is more than you expected; the responsibilities are challenging, and the job will give you an opportunity to use your skills and talent. The only problem is that the job requires you to move to a small town across the country. Consequently, you will be far away from your family and won’t be able to do your favorite activity. Would you take or leave the job?
D. Watching Video about preparation for job interview.
– To make you comprehend the dialog more easily, here is the tape script.
– Find out some important things an applicant should do before the interviewee.
v BOBBY : Sarah! Sarah! Where are you?
v SARAH : Bobby, did you have a good interview?
v BOBBY : No, I didn’t. I had a very bad interview. I wasn’t given the job.
v SARAH : I’m sorry. I’m so sorry. What are you going to do? You’ve got to have a job.
v BOBBY : I know. But nobody wants me. It’s the same every time I apply for a job. I’ve got no qualifications. I didn’t go to university, so I haven’t got a degree. And then, I’m too young. I haven’t got enough experience
v SARAH : Well, you are young. You have to admit that. Perhaps you’re trying for the wrong sort of a job. You should apply for a junior position.
v BOBBY : Maybe you’re right, Sarah. But I’ve got ambition. I want to do well.
v SARAH : I know you do.
v BOBBY : What have you got there?
v SARAH : Oh, it’s a letter. It’s for you.
v BOBBY: What is it? Let me have a look at it. Listen to this. “Would you like a better job? It isn’t difficult. You just have to know what you want. And to help you, we offer a six-week course of study at home, at a bargain price. Write or telephone for details now to Better Jobs Limited.”
v SARAH: Why don’t you try it?
v BOBBY: What’s that?
v SARAH: Start studying at home, Bobby. Now!
v SARAH: What on earth have you got there?
v BOBBY: It’s my course. Look! I’ve got to use a tape-recorder. Ah! I’ve got the right place now I think.
VOICE : Begin here. First, have a look at yourself. Are you wearing the right clothes? If you want a better job, you’ve got to look smart. Do you look smart? Is your hair tidy?
v SARAH : Not exactly, darling. Is it?
v VOICE : Is your tie straight?
v SARAH : You aren’t even wearing one.
v VOICE : Yes, Mr. Jones. Your company is doing well, but I can make it do better. Now you say that.
v BOBBY : Yes, Mr. Jones. Your company is doing well, but I can make it do better.
v SARAH : Come and have your dinner, Bobby.
v BOBBY : Wait a moment. I’ve got to finish this exercise first. Remember, I’m having my final test next week.
v BOBBY : What have you got behind your back? Come on! Show me!
v SARAH : All right. I think I’ve got the results of your test.
v BOBBY : It says that I came first in the test. I had the best marks. Better than anyone else on the course.
v SARAH : Does it say anything else?
v BOBBY : It says I could apply for any job I wanted. Even a managing director. And I’d have an excellent chance of being appointed.
v SARAH : Oh, you are clever, darling. You won’t have any problems finding a job now. What’s the matter? You look as if you’ve had a nasty shock.
v BOBBY : I have. I’ve had a very nasty shock. Look at this! It’s for that job. The one you told me to apply for. I’ve got an interview today. For the post of junior clerk!