7th Session Assignment

A. Write the summary of the text below in Indonesian – around 70 to 100 words

People behave differently depending on what they are wearing. The reason is not because they have changed, but because people’s reactions to them have changed. Strangers react to your appearance because it is all they know about you. A friend may be influenced by your dress also, if it is inappropriate for a situation. In addition, appearance is almost always important at work.

Strangers can only fudge you by the clothes you wear. Once I was wearing an old army coat. I went into a fancy candy shop to buy some chocolates. The woman saw my coat and was very suspicious of me. Because of the woman’s negative reaction, I try to act more politely than usual. The woman reacted to my clothes and that made me behave differently.

With friends clothes are less important because friends know more about you. However, friends can also react to you because of your clothes. Imagine you arrive at a friend’s party. Everyone is wearing formal clothes and you are wearing casual clothes. You might have a good reason for this mistake, but your friend will still be disappointed. You will probably feel uncomfortable all evening because you disappointed your friend and because you are dressed differently from everyone else. Certain clothes are appropriate for certain jobs. For example, business clothes are appropriate for some jobs, uniforms are appropriate for others. If you are not dressed appropriately for your job, clients and co-workers take you less seriously. You might begin to take yourself less seriously also, and your work could suffer. On the other hand, if you are wearing the right clothes, people will have confidence that you are the right person for the job, and you will feel this way, too. Clothes don’t change you into a different person, but they can make you behave differently. If you are dressed inappropriately for a situation, people will react to you in a different way. This reaction can, in turn, change your behavior. If you want good reactions from people, make sure to dress appropriately for every situation.

B. Write your comments about the video that you watched in class last Saturday.

Notes:    Your assignment should be placed in your BLOG.

thanks.

 

7th Session Of Business English Subject

7th Session of Business English Subject

REVIEW  MATERIALS FOR FINAL EXAM

ESSENTIAL NOTES

1. Remember the three common ways to start English conversation. They are:

*  Good morning/afternoon/evening/night.

*  Hello/Hi.

*  Excuse me.

2. Make sure that you have mastered the common phrases used on conversation, such as:

  • How do you do!
  • I beg your pardon!
  • Oh, I see.
  • You’re welcome.

3. There are three types of application letter. They are:

–  Application as a reply to advertisement.

–  Application based on someone’s recommendation.

–  Application based on initiative of an applicant.

Note: Get more information about application letter in HYBRID ESA UNGGUL.

4. Curriculum Vitae or Resume is source of information about an applicant. The information is classified into : PERSONAL DETAILS, EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND, WORK EXPERIENCE and MISCELLANEOUS. It will look more interesting if you design your CV by yourself.

5. Be familiar with some phrases applied in giving opinion, such as:

  • I think, our marketing approach will be successful.
  • As far as I know, offering longer warranty may increase our overseas sales.
  • According to my mind, the facilities in this campus are complete.J

6. Job interview means asking and answering questions. Some questions are:

  • What’s your motivation to work here?
  • Do you have any work experience?
  • How much salary do you expect?

7. Writing Indonesian summary does not mean we translate the whole text or passage. Instead, we just review the main points of the passage by our own words.

For example:

Gerald Parker, managing director of Reliant Insurance plc, is unhappy. This morning, three managers have come into his office, each telling him the same story. Somehow or other, the office employees have heard about the computer systems which will soon be introduced. The employees are all very upset. The older ones are afraid of modern technology, and the younger ones do not want to learn new methods of works. Most of the staff are certain that they will lose their jobs when the office is computerized. Some are already looking for jobs with other firms.

The staff are right in one way. The company will need fewer office workers when the computer installed. This will be in three months’ time, but the machine and systems will be working efficiently only six to nine months later. At that time, about half the staff – there are15 altogether – will have to leave because there will be no work for them.

But what about now? This is the busiest time of the year for the company. Every employee is working overtime and will continue to do so for the next two months or more. The office has recently taken on two temporary workers, but neither is doing her job well.

Mr. Parker is worried. He did not tell the office staff about the plans to install a computer because, for a long time, the management were not sure if they wanted to introduce it. He still has not signed the contract with the supplier of the equipment. Now he is beginning to think “Maybe we should forget about the computer and leave the office as it was’.

 

Indonesian summary:

Wacana di atas menjelaskan tentang kondisi perusahaan Reliant Insurance Plc. Sejumlah staf merasa resah oleh karena ada wacana memperkenalkan sistem komputerisasi yang berdampak pengurangan tenaga kerja. Khawatir akan kehilangan pekerjaan, akhirnya beberapa diantara mereka mencari pekerjaan di perusahaan lain. Saat yang sama banyak pekerjaan yang harus diselesaikan. Situasi yang tidak pasti menimbulkan banyak masalah.

8. There are two ways to translate :

– We translate the sentence or paragraph word by word. It means the translation based on lexical meaning (dictionary)

– We get the main point of the sentence or paragraph.

 

6th Session Of Business English Subject

 

READING ENGLISH PASSAGES

Essential Notes

  1. One main objective of Business English Subject is to guide students to comprehend English passages. By doing this, students will be able to enrich their knowledge and to acknowledge English terms related to their majors.
  2. In reading English passages, students have to pay attention to several effective reading strategies below. They are:
    1. Spend enough time to read a passage several times. It means you have to read the passage twice or three times.
    2. While reading passage, you had better produce sound so that you can hear your voice at least. By listening to your voice, it will help you to understand the content of the passage. In other words, it is not good to read in silent.
    3. Be careful about punctuation, such as:
  • Period (stop reading with falling intonation).
  • Comma (stop reading with rising intonation)
  • Pause to take breath (any time with rising intonation)

3.. Be accustomed to writing summary of the passage either in Indonesian or in English. Writing summary means you retell the main information on the passage by your own words. Writing summary does not have the same meaning with translating.

 

Take A look at the passage below,

one,

For unemployed people, money is all important. But for people with good jobs, money is not always the key thing. Other things are just as important. Take these four typical people. Is money the main thing for them? Hilda, a nurse, says that the key thing in her life is the happiest of my children. Ben is an engineer and for him learning new things at work is the main thing. Luisa, a waitress, says that the nice thing about my job is meeting new people – it’s not really the money. Zoran is a part-time teacher. Having a lot of free time is important to his happiness. Economists say that people work to get more money. Is that true for you? No? Then say this to your company; Please give me an interesting job, a lot of free time with my family and you can keep part of my salary.

 

two,

Food is the source of energy form human body. Food and energy it produces are important. Indeed, we need this energy just to keep alive. Naturally, energy is required just to digest the food needed to produce energy in the first place. Moreover, energy is essential for all continuous body processes such as breathing, the beating of the heart, and the maintenance of muscle tone. Also, children and youths need energy for growth. In brief, we need the energy produced by food for carrying out all work and leisure activities

However, when the food we eat provides more energy than is needed to meet the demands of the body, the extra energy is stored as fat. As a result, we gain weight if we furnish the body regularly with too much food. On the other hand, the body uses stored fat if the food we eat provides less energy than is needed. Accordingly, the body loses weight. Thus, if all fatty tissues are used up, the body uses its other tissues for energy, thereby producing an unhealthy and dangerous condition. For this reasons, it is important to understand the relationship between the food we eat and our body’s weight.

three

Management is the process of planning, organizing, leading and controlling the resources in an organization. Some of these resources are human, some are material and some are financial. These resources must be managed in a way that allows a company to achieve its goals of supplying its products or services to the marketplace while also making profit. PLANNING involves determining what the organization needs to do and the best way to achieve it. A crucial part of this step is decision making. ORGANIZING is the second managerial activity. In this portion of manager’s job, he or she must determine how best to arrange resources, human and material to achieve desired goals. LEADING means he or she must guide and motivate employees to accomplish company objectives. Through leadership, managers must exert influence and communicate with their employees to ensure that employees understand and carry out assigned tasks. CONTROLLING means monitoring performance of the firm to make sure that goals are being achieved. Managers compare actual performance with planned performance and make changes based on the result. Some managers believe that planning is the most important whereas leading is the most difficult of all managerial tasks.

four,

When first develop computers were not used in business. It was not until the late 1950s and the early 1960s that computers began to be used to organize, store, process, and present vast amounts of business information. In 1954, the first business application of a computer system was made for the processing of payroll. Today payroll is just one of many routine computer operations. There has been a rapid increase of computer usage into almost every aspect of business: factory production, inventory control, warehousing, and distribution, record keeping, and even assistance in problem solving and decision making. Computers can handle large amounts of data rapidly and efficiently categorize, process and report information for a variety of business operations.

 

RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPUTERS AND HUMAN BEINGS

Tasks Being Compared Computers Human Beings
Speed with which work is performed

Accuracy of work

Ability to remember and retrieve data

Ability to perform repetitive task

Ability to continue working without pause

Ability to accept and follow instructions

Ability to adapt and innovate

Ability to learn by trial and error

Decision making ability

Cost per unit of work

Extremely  fast

Almost perfect

Perfect

Excellent

Excellent

Perfect

None

None

None

High, if volume is low

Fairly slow

Somewhat inaccurate

Fairly poor

Fairly poor

Poor

Inconsistent

Fairly good

Fairly good

Fairly good

High, if volume is high

Computers have become an integral part of day-to-day business transactions as well as analytical tools for long-range planning, research, and development. Currently, business are developing overall management information system in which computers function as essential tools in problem solving and decision making at all administrative levels.

 

 

6th Session of TOEFL 2

LISTENING COMPREHENSION SECTION

ESSENTIAL NOTES :

  1. Of the three parts of TOEFL, most test takers confess that Listening Comprehension is the most difficult one. Some possible reasons are: no repetition, no tape script, and unfamiliar with native.
  2. The listening section in general tests your ability to understand North  American English. You will listen to conversations and lectures and then answer multiple-choice questions about them. You will be asked to locate main ideas, supporting ideas, and understand inferences made in the conversations that you hear.
  3. There are three main parts of Listening Comprehension sections. They are: Listening Part A, Part B and Part C. each section has its own characteristics.
  • Characteristics of Listening Part A
  1. It is about short conversation which is generally between man and woman or vice versa.
  2. There will be a question by a narrator at the end of every short conversation.
  3. There are 30 short conversations.
  4. Topics are various.
  • Characteristics of Listening Part B
  1. It is about long conversation between man and woman.
  2. At the end of a long conversation, there will be four or five questions.
  3. Generally, there are two long conversations.
  4. Topics are various.
  • Characteristics of Listening Part C
  1. It is about talk or speech.
  2. At the end of every talk, there will be four or five questions.
  3. Generally, there are three talks.
  4. Topics are various.
  5. In order to reach the minimum score -450- as the passing grade for Toefl 2, a participants should  be able to  answer correctly at least 19 questions.

EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES

  1. You must be accustomed to the question forms such as:
  • What does the man mean?
  • What does the woman mean?
  • What does the man imply?
  • What does the woman imply?
  • Where does this conversation probably take place?
  • What does the man suggest?
  • What is inferred from the dialog?
  • Who is the man?
  • Who is the woman?
  • What will the man probably do next?
  • What does the woman say about……..?
  • What is the topic of the talk?
  • How long does the man stay ….?

2.  Learn the four possible answers first before listening to the conversations or talks. Having learned them you will will be able to estimate or to predict what the conversation is, based on the similar words or phrases in every answer. Another point is that you can predict the question form by the narrator as well.

Take a look at the following examples :

(A)    they are brothers

(B)     they are good friends

(C)     they are cousins

(D)   they are classmates

From these four possible answers, we may conclude that the conversation is about relationship. The key words are : brothers, friends, cousins and classmates.

(A) a pharmacist

(B) a dentist

(C) a teacher

(D) a business manager

From these four possible answers, we may predict that the question is about job or profession.

3. Find out the key words while listening the conversations. Very often the similar sound is not the correct answer.

 

 

 

2nd Session STARTING ENGLISH CONVERSATION

STARTING ENGLISH CONVERSATION

How often do you make English conversation? Very often, sometimes, rarely or never? Some people say that starting English conversation is very difficult especially if we make a conversation with a foreign people. However, some others have different point of view. Follow the steps below to start English conversation.

  1. LEARN THE COMMON PHRASES BELOW WHICH ARE OFTEN USED ON CONVERSATION.
  • Good morning/afternoon/day/evening/night!
  • Excuse me!
  • Hello, Hi!
  • How are you?
  • How’s life?
  • What’s up?
  • How do you do!
  • Pleased to meet you!
  • Nice to meet you!
  • I beg your pardon!
  • Repeat please!
  • Once again!
  • By the way,
  • I see
  • I get your point.
  • How do you spell ……….?
  • Thanks a lot
  • You’re welcome.
  • You don’t have to mention it!
  • See you,
  • Bye
  • Please remember me to…….
  • Congratulation
  • Condolence
  • Good luck!

2. THERE ARE THREE WAYS TO START ENGLISH CONVERSATION

A  Good morning/afternoon/evening/night

B. Hello/Hi

C. Excuse me!

 

Examples :

One,

Dedi    :   Good morning. My name is Dedi an assistant manager here. May I talk with you?

Helmi   :   Good morning. How do you do, Dedi. I’m Helmi a new marketing staff. What do you want to talk with me?

Dedi    :   How do you do, too. Can you help to deliver this order today?

Helmi   :   Yes, sir. I would be glad  to.

 

Two,

Guest            :   Excuse me. I’m Carla from Denmark. May you help me?

Receptionist  :   How do you do, Carla. I’m Diana, a receptionist here. What can I help you?

Guest            :   How do you do, too. I want to meet your personnel manager. I have something important to discuss with him.

Receptionist     :      Any appointment?

Guest                :      I beg your pardon!

Receptionist     :      I mean, do you have an appointment?

Guest                :     Yes, I do.

Receptionist     :      Oh, I see. Wait a moment, please. Mr. Bambang still has an important

meeting with our regular customers.

Guest                :      It doesn’t matter. By the way, how long have you been working as a

receptionist?

Receptionist     :      Around 3 years.

 

Three,

Lawyer          :      Hello.  Welcome to our law office. My name is Arnold, a legal consultant here. Have a seat, please.

Client            :      Hello, too. Thank you. I’m Susan from Business Ltd, located at 23 Jalan Pattimura, Bandung. I really need your advice.

Lawyer          :      Okay. First of all, tell me your problem, please.

Client            :      Thanks. I run a small business with Tito. We……………….

 

 III.          ASKING ABOUT PERSONAL IDENTITY ON CONVERSATION

I.     Name  (What’s your name?)—————-My name is Takasimura.

II.    Address (Where do you live?)………..I live at 24, Jalan Daan Mogot, West Jakarta.

III.   Age (How old are you?)…………….I’m 25 years old.

IV.  Education (What’s your last education?)…….I am a university student at Esa Unggul, Faculty of Communication, Majoring Broadcasting, in semester 3.

V.   Job (What’s your job?)………….I’m an engineer.

IV.         LISTENING TO SOME CONVERSATION BY NATIVE

(Track 5)

  • A: Fiona, this is Karl Rogers. He’s a marketing consultant with KMG.
  • B: Pleased to meet you, Mr. Rogers.
  • C: Call me Karl, please!
  • A: Karl, this is Fiona. She’s in charge of R&D for this project.
  • C. Nice to meet you, Fiona.
  • A: OK, let’s go for a coffee and talk about the project.

(Track 3)

  • C: Hi. I’m Claudine Harris.
  • V: Hello. Pleased to meet you, Claudine. I’m Vincent Hardy.
  • C: What company are you with, Vincent?
  • V: I’m with MPG Finance. And you?
  • C: I’m with VPN Industries.
  • V: What do you do?
  • C: I’m a sales manager. And you?
  • V: I’m an accountant. Is VNP an American company?
  • C: No, it isn’t. It’s Australian. I work in the Sydney office.

(Track 12)

  • J: Hi; Connie, it’s good to see you again.
  • C: Hi, Jules, it’s good to see you, too. Thanks for inviting me.
  • J: My pleasure. Would you like something to drink?
  • C: Could I have a glass of orange juice, please?
  • J: Yes, of course.
  • C: Thanks. What do you recommend, Jules?
  • J: Well, the fish is good here. I like the prawns.
  • C: Hmmm. I don’t like fish. Is the lamb good?
  • J: Oh, yes, the meat is good, too.
  • C: Great, I’d like the lamb, please.
  • J: OK.
  • C: Can I have the bread, please, Jules?
  • J: Certainly. Here you are.
  • C: Thanks. Now tell me about your new job. Do you like it …?

V.            YOUR TURN

COMPLETE THE BLANK ON THE CONVERSATION BELOW

Track 11

1     Hi, this is Pete. I can’t come to the ……….………. on Friday.

2     Can you finish the ……………..today, please, Marcus?

3     David can go to the airport after the ………………

4     Olivia can’t- talk at the moment – she’s with a ……….…..

5     They can ………. to Berlin next week.

6     The catering company can’t ………………the food this afternoon.

(Track 8)

  • A: Hello, and welcome to the Kenrose Centre. Do you have a ticket?
  • B Yes, …………
  • A: Can I ask you some questions about your company to complete the …………….?
  • B: Certainly.
  • A: What’s your name, please?
  • B: Anja Bacar.
  • A: Thanks. And what is your company called?
  • B: FPJ Industries.
  • A: Could you say that again, please?
  • B: Yes, it’s FPJ Industries.
  • A: FPJ Industries. Thanks. And what sector is it in – manufacturing, retail or service?
  • B: It’s in the service sector.
  • A: What does FPJ Industries do?
  • B: We train people to use …………
  • A: Is it a small company?
  • B: No, it isn’t. It’s a big company. It has a hundred and fifty employees.
  • A: A hundred and ……………. – OK. And where is it based?
  • B: The headquarters are in Lendava, in Slovenia.
  • A: Lendava, that’s L-E-N-D-A-V-A?
  • B: That’s right.
  • A: Does it have offices in other countries?
  • B: Yes, in Germany and …………
  • A: OK, …………for answering the questions. I hope you enjoy the conference.
  • B: Thank you.

 

 

 

 

 

1st Session

1st Session

 

I.                  Topics To Be covered

 

SATUAN ACARA PERKULIAHAN (SAP)

Semester Genap 2011/2012

 

 

Mata  Kuliah                  :        Toefl II (Kelas Karyawan)

Kode  Mata  Kuliah       :        IEU – 133

Kredit                             :        2 SKS  

Dosen                             :        TIM PAMU     

 

 

 

MATERI  KULIAH

 

 

SESSION

TOPICS

SUB TOPICS

 

I

 

Highlights Toefl 1I

Scoring System

Reading

-          Topics To Be covered

–          Rules Of PAMU

–          Synonym 

 

II

 

 Structure And Written Expression  

-          Conditional Type III

–          Paired Conjunction 

–          Modals

 

III

 

 Listening Part A and B

-          Opposite meaning

–          Content

 

IV

 

Reading Comprehension

 

-          Conclusion 

–          Referring questions

 

V

 

 Structure And Written Expression

-          Causative

–          Gerund  

–          Adverb

 

VI

 

Listening Part A, B, and C

-          Similar sound

–          Objects 

 

VII

 

 Review Materials and Pre-Test

-          Listening Comprehension

–          Structure And Written Expression

–          Reading Comprehension  

        

        VIII

 

UTS

 

 

 

IX

 

Reading Comprehension

 

-          Unstated questions

–          “Except” questions   

 

X

 

Structure And Written Expression

-          Clause

–          Reduced clause  

 

XI

 

Listening Part B and C

 

-          More detailed about topics

–          Negative expression

 

 

 

 

XII

 

Reading Comprehension

 

-          Closest meaning

–          Kinds of passage   

 

XIII

 

Structure And Written Expression

-          Eliptics : either, neither

–          Subjunctive

–          Repetition

 

 

XIV

 

Listening Part A, B and C

-          Unstated meaning

 

 

XV

 

Review Materials and Pre – Test  

-          Listening Comprehension

–          Structure And Written Expression

–          Reading Comprehension  

 

XVI

 

UAS

 

 

    

 

II.            PAMU’S RULES

 

1.75 % attendance for final exam,

2. Must take mid and final exam,

3. Not more than 30 minutes late,

4. Good performance and attitude,

5. Turn off your hand phone or any other kinds of communicative tools.

 

III.  Scoring and Grading System

 

1.      Kelulusan dengan Toefl Score  ≥ 450

2.      Toefl Score tertinggi antara UTS dan UAS

3.      Kehadiran dan Tugas tidak termasuk komponen Nilai Akhir.

 

KONVERSI TOEFL SCORE

         

               425 atau kurang……E

               426 – 449 ……………..D

               450 – 470 ……………..C

               471 – 485 ……………..B           

               486 atau lebih……….A

 

IV  WHAT IS A TOEFL?

 

 

TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language.

TOEFL is a test to measure the level of English proficiency of non-native speakers of English. It is required primarily by English-language colleges and universities. Additionally, institutions such as government agencies or scholarship programs may require the test.

The test currently has the following sections:

  1. Listening Comprehension (multiple choice): To demonstrate heir ability to understand spoken English, examinees must listen to a tape and respond to various types of questions.
  2. Structure and Written Expression (multiple choice) : To demonstrate their ability to recognize grammatically correct English, examinees must choose the correct way to complete the sentences and must find errors in sentences.
  3. Reading Comprehension (multiple choice): To demonstrate their ability to understand written English, examinees must answer questions about the meanings of words and ideas in reading passages.
  4. Test of Written English (TWE) (written):  Examinees must write an easy essay on a given topic in thirty minutes to demonstrate their ability to produce correct and meaningful English. The Test of Written English (TWE) is not given with every administration of the TOEFL test.

 

The following chart outlines the probable format of a TOEFL test. (It should be noted that on certain occasions a longer version of the TOEFL test is given)

 

Sections of TOEFL Number of Question Time
Listening Comprehension 50 questions 35 minutes
Structure and Written Expression 40 questions 25 minutes
Reading Comprehension 50 questions 25 minutes
Test of Written English 1 essay topic 30 minutes

 

When the Test of Written English (TWE) is given, it is generally before the Listening Comprehension section.

 

 

V   Reading Comprehension

 

NOTES:

1.      Reading Comprehension consists of fifty questions (some tests may be longer).

2.      Generally, you only have fifty five minutes to complete this section.

3.      Topics of reading passage are varied, such as: American History, literature, art, architecture, geology, geography, economics, law and astronomy.

4.      Many participants are unable to finish this section because of time.

5.      Sometimes, it is more efficient to learn the questions first then read the passage.

 

SYNONYM ON READING PASSAGE

 

Reading Passage one

       For a century before the Eric Canal was built, there was much discussion among the general population of the Northeast as to the need for connecting the waterways of the Great Lakes with the Atlantic ocean. A project of such monumental proportions was not going to be undertaken and completed without a supreme amount of effort.

The man who was instrumental in accomplishing the feat of the Eric Canal, was DeWitt Clinton. As early as 1812, he was in the nation’s capital petitioning the federal government for financial assistance on the project, emphasizing what a boon to economy of the country the canal would be. His efforts with the federal government, however, were not successful.

In 1816, Clinton asked the New York State Legislature for the funding the canal and this time he did succeed. A canal commission was instituted, and Clinton himself was made the head of it. One year later, Clinton was elected governor of the state, and soon after, construction of the canal was started. The canal took eight years to complete, and Clinton was on the first barge to travel the length of the canal. The Seneca Chief, which departed from Buffalo on October 26, 1825 and arrived in New York City on November 4. Because of the success of the Eric Canal, numerous other canals were built in other parts of the country.

1.      The word ‘boon’ in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to,

(A)    Detriment.

(B)    Disadvantage.

(C)    Benefit.

(D)    cost .

 

Reading Passage  two

Carbon tetrachloride is a colorless and inflammable liquid that can be produced by combining carbon disulfide and chlorine. This compound is widely used i industry today, because of its effectiveness as a solvent as well as its use in the production of propellants.

Despite its widespread use in industry, Carbon tetrachloride has been banned for home use. In the past, Carbon tetrachloride was a common ingredient in cleaning compounds that were used throughout the home, but later on it was found to be dangerous; when heated , it changes into a poisonous gas that can cause severe illness and even death if it is inhaled. Because of this dangerous characteristics, the United States revoked permission for the home use of Carbon tetrachloride in 1970. The United States has taken similar action with various other chemical compounds.

 

1.      The word “widely” in line 2 can be replaced by;

(A)    Grandly.

(B)    Extensively.

(C)    Largely.

(D)    Hugely.

 

 

FINISH

CAUSATIVE

Causative “have”  or “get”

 

A.    Causative “have” or “get” means a sentence in which a subject asks the object to do the work. In other words, the subject does not do the work. Causative is often used in conversation.

For examples:

1.     We have the mechanic repair our car. From this sentence we may conclude that subject “we” does not repair the car, but it is the object “mechanic” does it. The above sentence has the same meaning with: We get the mechanic to repair our car or We ask the mechanic to repair our car.

2.     The family has someone cut the tree in the yard. This sentence has the same meaning with : The family gets someone to cut the three or The family asks someone to cut the three. From these three sentences we may conclude that the family does not cut the three but someone does  it.

B.     Remember, causative have does not apply infinitive to after the object.  (The manager has his secretary type the document) while causative get does (I get my first son to clean the room). Both causative “have” and “get” have the same meaning.

Take a look at the following sentences.

1.     The old mother has her daughter cook the meal.

2.     The professor has his assistant give tutorial to his 25 post-graduate students.

3.     They get me to turn of the light.

4.     She had me park her car yesterday in department store.

5.      They get me to  phone the suppliers

6.     The manager got me to place a big order two days ago.

7.     My father has me accompany the visitors to station.

C.     Causative “have” or “get” can be in active or in passive form.

Look at the following sentences.

1.     I have Bill kill the snake (Active sentence)

I have the snake killed by Bill (Passive sentence)

2.     They get me to deposit money (Active sentence)

They get money deposited by me (Passive sentence)

3.     She has the servant wash the dishes (Active sentences)

She has the dishes washed by the servant (Passive sentences)

D.    Determine which are active and passive sentences

1.     We will have the police arrest the thief.

2.     They will get someone to draw up money from the bank.

3.     She had her clothes ironed by her youngest sister last Friday.

4.     He has his hair cut by a barbershop.

5.     We got the house built in 2011.

6.     We have the paper turned in to the lecturer.

7.     They got someone to drive the family car.

8.     We have the door opened by the security.

9.     The doctor gets a nurse to fill the bottle.

10.            The professor has his book published.

 

E.     On Toefl test the passive form might be possible to appear.

1.     We have the topics ______________in seminar.

(A) Discuss

(B) Discussed

(C) Discussing

(D)To discuss

The correct answer is B because it is passive sentence. Passive sentence will use verb III (past participle)

2.      They get a popular actor ________the new products

(A) Promote

(B) To promote

(C) Promoted

(D)Promoting

The correct answer is B, because it is active sentence and using “get”.

3.     The police had the victims ____________last week.

(A) Identify

(B) To identify

(C) Identified

(D)Identifying

what is the correct answer?

4.     The president gets his staff ___________ demonstrators.

(A) Meet

(B) To meet

(C) Met

(D)Meeting

what is the correct answer?

F. Your turn.

1.     We must have the hotel ______________right now.

(A) Booking

(B) Book

(C) Booked

(D)To book

2.     The company gets the package ____________.

(A) Deliver

(B) To deliver

(C) Delivered

(D)delivering

3.     We have the servant____________ our guest.

(A) Serve

(B) To served

(C) Served

(D)To serve

4.     Bob has his secretary invite me to the ceremony. From this sentence we may conclude that:

(A) Bob invites me to attend the ceremony.

(B) Bob invite his secretary to the ceremony.

(C) The secretary invites Bob to the ceremony.

(D)I am not invited by Bob.

5.     The doctor gets his nurse to measure the temperature of my father. From this sentence we may conclude that:

(A) My father is sick.

(B) The doctor cannot measure the temperature.

(C) The nurse measures my father’s temperature.

(D)The nurse has the temperature measured.

6.     We have Susan feed the pets. From this sentence we may conclude that:

(A) Susan has pets

(B) Susan does not like pets

(C) Susan gives food to pets

(D)We are afraid of pets

7.     Although Martin is a good swimmer, he had someone to take his

(A)                                (B)                   (C)

youngest son out of the river.

(D)

 

8.     Alice gets his mother paid his tuition in this semester

(A)                        (B)  (C)   (D)

9.     Many passengers get the porters bring their heavy travel bags at

(A)                       (B)                   (C)                                 (D)

Cengkareng Airport.

JOB INTERVIEW

JOB INTERVIEW

 A.   ESSENTIAL NOTES :

1.     As you have known before that sending application is not applying the job itself, but asking an opportunity to face job interview. That is why an applicant, on his application, must be able to convince the employer through answering all requirements positively that s/he is the right candidate to face job interview.

2.     Some applicants get stressful on job interview, but some others have different point of view. If those applicants know what they have to do on job interview and make a good preparation, job interview is an interesting moment for this is the last step to get job or promoted.

3.     As a matter of fact, job interview is asking and answering questions. A person, who is asking questions is called an interviewer whereas a person, who is answering questions is called interviewee. In other words, job interview means an interviewer versus interviewee.

4.     Remember the final task of an interviewer is to recommend the interviewee or not.

5.     In order to be well-prepared on job interview, an interviewee had better identify all possible questions and prepare the answers. There are two classifications of questions: first, general questions and second, specific questions. General questions will be asked to all interviewees while specific questions deal with skill and competency. Here are some general questions:

  • Interviewer : Please tell me your family background.

Interviewee : I have one brother and one sister. I am the second child in family. My father is a policemen and my mother is a nurse.

  • Interviewer : What’s your last education?

Interviewee : Now. I am a university student at Esa Unggul, Faculty of Public Health,            Majoring _______________in semester three.

  • Interviewer : How did you get this vacancy?

Interviewee : I got this vacancy from advertisement in daily ‘Kompas’.

  • Interviewer : What is your motivation to work here?

Interviewee : I have several motivation to join this hospital, but the first priority is to earn money.

  • Interviewer : About work experience, do you have any?

Interviewee : Yes. From 2005 to 2009, I worked as medical staff in Rumah Sakit Harapan Baru.

 B. Job Interview Tips

 For any job interview, it is important to be prepared to face the interview and impress the interviewer from the moment you arrive. Here are some tips on how you can make the right impression.

Tip 1: Look the Part

  • Plan to dress professionally in conservative clothing with appropriate shoes, minimal jewelry, and perfume. Even if the office is casual, you should dress in business attire.

Tip 2: Before the Interview

  • Bring a portfolio with extra copies of your resume, a list of references, and a notepad and pen. Use a breath mint before you enter the building. Leave the gadgets at home or turned off in your bag or briefcase.

Tip 3: Arrive on Time

  • Arrive a few minutes early for your interview. It is very important to be on time for the interview. On time means ten to fifteen minutes early. Know the interviewer’s name and use it during the interview. If you’re not sure of the name, call and ask prior to the interview. When you arrive for your interview, greet the receptionist and let him or her know why you are there.
  • Be on time. It’s best to get there a little early to allow time in case you get lost and need to fix your clothes and hair.

 

Tip 4: Answer Questions Calmly

  • During the interview try to remain as calm as possible. Ask for clarification if you are not sure what has been asked and remember that it is perfectly acceptable to take a moment or two to frame your responses so you can be sure to fully answer the question.
  • Make a list of questions beforehand to ask the interviewer.

 

 

Tip 5: Ask Questions About the Job

  • Be prepared with questions of your own, because you will probably be asked if you have any at the end of the interview. Having questions will show that you have done your homework and are truly interested in the position.
  • Be prepared. Know as much about the company and the job as possible and know why you’re the person they should hire. Practice answering possible questions.

Tip 6: Follow Up                                                  

  • Ask your interviewer for a business card so that you will have the correct spelling of names and job titles for your thank you notes and follow up calls. It is important to thank the interviewer for their time and to let them know that you look forward to hearing from them. Follow up by sending a thank you note to everyone you interviewed with.

Tip 7 :  Miscellaneous

  • Give a firm handshake when greeting the interviewer and when saying good-bye.
  • Maintain eye contact.
  • Be confident and try to act as calmly as possible.
  • Be honest.

C.   CASES ON JOB INTERVIEW

Sometimes an interviewer gives cases or problems to an interviewee in order to find out more detail information about applicant’s character and ability. In solving the problem an interviewee must solve the problem effectively. Besides it, any given problem should be related to the workplace.

Here is an example :

A.   Imagine that you are offered a perfect job. The salary is more than you expected; the responsibilities are challenging, and the job will give you an opportunity to use your skills and talent. The only problem is that the job requires you to move to a small town across the country. Consequently, you will be far away from your family and won’t be able to do your favorite activity. Would you take or leave the job?

 

D.   Watching Video about preparation for job interview.

–         To make you comprehend the dialog more easily, here is the tape script.

–         Find out some important things an applicant should do before the interviewee.

Dialog :

BOBBY  :   Sarah! Sarah! Where are you?

SARAH   :   Bobby, did you have a good interview?

BOBBY  :   No, I didn’t. I had a very bad interview. I wasn’t given the job.

SARAH   :   I’m sorry. I’m so sorry. What are you going to do? You’ve got to have a job.

BOBBY  :   I know. But nobody wants me. It’s the same every time I apply for a job. I’ve got no qualifications. I didn’t go to university, so I haven’t got a degree. And then, I’m too young. I haven’t got enough experience

SARAH   :   Well, you are young. You have to admit that. Perhaps you’re trying  for the wrong sort of a job. You should apply for a junior position.

BOBBY   :   Maybe you’re right, Sarah. But I’ve got ambition. I want to do well.

SARAH    :   I know you do.

BOBBY   :   What have you got there?

SARAH   :   Oh, it’s a letter. It’s for you.

BOBBY:         What is it? Let me have a look at it. Listen to this. “Would you like a better job? It isn’t difficult. You just have to know what you want. And to help you,    we offer a six-week course of study at home, at a bargain price. Write or            telephone for details now to Better Jobs Limited.”

SARAH:        Why don’t you try it?

BOBBY:         What’s that?

SARAH:        Start studying at home, Bobby. Now!

SARAH:        What on earth have you got there?

BOBBY:         It’s my course. Look! I’ve got to use a tape-recorder. Ah! I’ve got the right place now I think.

 

VOICE   :   Begin here. First, have a look at yourself. Are you wearing the right clothes? If you want a better job, you’ve got to look smart. Do you look smart? Is your hair tidy?

SARAH   :   Not exactly, darling. Is it?

VOICE   :   Is your tie straight?

SARAH   :   You aren’t even wearing one.

VOICE    :   Yes, Mr. Jones. Your company is doing well, but I can make it do better. Now you say that.

BOBBY   :   Yes, Mr. Jones. Your company is doing well, but I can make it do better.

SARAH   :   Come and have your dinner, Bobby.

BOBBY   :   Wait a moment. I’ve got to finish this exercise first. Remember, I’m having my final test next week.

BOBBY   :   What have you got behind your back? Come on! Show me!

SARAH   :   All right. I think I’ve got the results of your test.

BOBBY   :   It says that I came first in the test. I had the best marks. Better than anyone else on the course.

SARAH   :   Does it say anything else?

BOBBY   :   It says I could apply for any job I wanted. Even a managing director. And I’d  have an excellent chance of being appointed.

SARAH   :   Oh, you are clever, darling. You won’t have any problems finding a job now. What’s the matter? You look as if you’ve had a nasty shock.

BOBBY   :   I have. I’ve had a very nasty shock. Look at this! It’s for that job. The one you  told me to apply for. I’ve got an interview today. For the post of junior clerk!