Listening 2

Listening Comprehension is the first section on toefl. It focus on how far you can comprehend the native on audio. Most test takers say that this section is the most difficult one, mainly because there is no repetition. Listening Comprehension consists of three parts. They are Part A, Part B and Part C.

Listening Part B

1. It is about long conversation between two people. At the end of every conversation there will be 4 or 5 questions.

2. Generally, there are 2 long conversations.

2. If the first person is man the second one is female and vise versa.

3. There is no tape script on the question sheet.

4. There is no repetition.

STRATEGIES FORTHE LISTENING PART B QUESTIONS

•I f you have time, preview the answers to the Listening Part B questions. While you are looking at the answers, you should try to do the following:
•Anticipate the topics of the conversations you will hear. -Anticipate the questions for each of the groups of answers.
• Listen carefully to the first line of the conversation. The first line of the conversation often contains the main idea, subject, or topic of the conversation, and you will often be asked to answer such questions.
• As you listen to the conversation, draw conclusions about the situation of the conversation: who is talking, where the conversation takes place, or when it takes place. You will often be asked to make such inferences about the conversation.
• As you listen to the conversation, follow along with the answers in your test book and try to determine the correct answers. Detail questions are generally answered in order in the conversation, and the answers often sound the same as what is said in the recording program.
• You should guess even if you are not sure. Never leave any answers blank.

Use any remaining time to look ahead

• As you listen to the conversation, follow along with the answers in your test book and try to determine the correct answers. Detail questions are generally answered in order in the conversation, and the answers often sound the same as what is said in the recording program.
• You should guess even if you are not sure. Never leave any answers blank.
• Use any remaining time to look ahead at the answers to the questions that follow.

Reading Comprehension Section

Reading Comprehension is the third section of Toefl. There are 50 questions with available time is around 55 minutes. Some test takers say that the main handicaps are limited time and limited vocabulary. Here below, some essential notes are available in order to make good preparation.     

1.      Reading Comprehension consists of fifty questions (some tests may be longer).

2.      Generally, you only have fifty five minutes to complete this section.

3.      Topics of reading passage are varied, such as: American History, literature, art, architecture, geology, geography, economics, astronomy, music, sport, biology, law, physics, Chemistry, Biography, Invention, health etc.

4.      It is rarely found two similar topics at the same exam.

5.      Many participants confess that they are unable to finish this section because of limited  time.

6.       Sometimes, it is more efficient to learn the questions first then read the passage.

7.      Characteristics of questions:

–          Topic, main idea, title

–          Closest in meaning

–          Synonym

–          Referring to

–          Line

–          Except

–          Is not true

8.      Additional notes:

–          Pay attention to the first line of every paragraph.

–          Read carefully about names of people or places in the passage.

–          Be careful about number mentioned.

 

Reading Comprehension  (1)

            The three phases of human memory are the sensory memory, the short-term memory and the long-term memory. This division of memory into phases is based on the length of time of the memory. Sensory memory is instantaneous memory. It is an image or memory that enters your mind only for a short period of time; it comes and goes in under a second. The memory will not last longer than that unless the information enters the short-term memory.

Information can be held in the short-term memory for about twenty seconds or as long as you are actively using it. If you repeat a fact to yourself, that fact will stay in your short-term memory as long as you keep repeating it. Once you stop repeating it, either it is forgotten or it moves to long-term memory.

Long-term memory is a huge memory tank that can hold ideas and images for years and years. Information can be added to your long-term memory when you actively try to put it there through memorization or when an idea or image enters your mind on its own.

1.    The best title of this passage would be;

a.     the difference between sensory and short-term memory.

b.     how long it takes to memorize.

c.      the stage of human memory.

d.     human phases.

2.   The three phases of memory discussed in the passage are differentiated according to,      

a.     the location in the brain.

b.     the period of time it takes to remember something.

c.      how the senses are involved in the memory.

d.     how long the memory lasts.

3.  The expression ‘is based on’ in the line 3 could be replaced by,

a.     is on the top of.

b.     is at the foot of.

c.      depends on.

d.     is below.

 

4.   According to the passage, which type of memory is the shortest?

a.     sensory memory.

b.     active memory.

c.      short-term memory.

d.     long-term memory.

5.    According to the passage, when will the information stay in your short-term memory?

a.     for as long as twenty minutes.

b.     as long as it is being used.

c.      after you have repeated it many times.

d.     when  it has moved into long-term memory.

6.    The word ‘keep’ in line 10 could be replaced by,

a.     Hold.

b.     Continue.

c.      Retain.

d.     Save.

Reading Comprehension (2)

Coca-Cola was invented in 1886, by Atlanta pharmacist John S. Pemberton. The name for the product was actually proposed by Pemberton’s assistant, Frank Robinson. The name was taken from the two unusual ingredients in the drink, the South American coca leaf and the African cola nut.

The recipe for today’s Coca-Cola is very well guarded. Many of the ingredients are known. In addition to coca leaves and cola nut, they include lemon, orange, lime, cinnamon, vanilla and sugar. The proportion of the ingredients and the identity of Coke’s secret ingredients are known only by a few senior corporate officers of Coca-Cola Company.

1.      According to the passage, who created Coca-Cola?

(A)   The Coca-Cola company

(B)    John S. Pemberton

(C)    Pemberton’s assistant

(D)   Frank Robinson

2.      The word “unusual” in paragraph one is closest in meaning to

(A)   uncommon

(B)    important

(C)    unused

(D)   tasty

3.      The passage states that the recipe for Coca-Cola is

(A)   well-known

(B)    known only by a limited number of people

(C)    unknown

(D)   published information

4.      Which of the following is NOT true about Coca-Cola?

(A)   the name “coca” comes from coca leaf

(B)    the name “cola” comes from cola nut

(C)    Frank Robinson suggested the name

(D)   The inventor came up with the name

5.      The word “senior” in the second paragraph could be replaced by

(A)   trustworthy

(B)    high level

(C)    more mature

(D)   the owner

Structure And Written Expression

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION

This is the second section of the toefl test. It consists of Part A and Part B. Every part has its own direction which test takers must be familiar with. Most test taker say that this is the easiest section on toefl. That is why participants may reach high score in general.

  1. Structure and Written Expression (multiple choice) : To demonstrate their ability to recognize grammatically correct English, examinees must choose the correct way to complete the sentences and must find errors in sentences.
  2. This section consists of forty questions (some tests may be longer)STRUCTURE consists of fifteen questions. You must choose the correct choice to fill the blank in every question. Try to eliminate incorrect answer that do not complete the sentence. Try to eliminate incorrect answers that do not complete the sentence

    WRITTEN EXPRESSION consists of 25 questions. Every question has four underlined words or phrases and you must choose an incorrect underlined alternative..

  3. Remember, Vocabulary is the main capital to complete this section, because very often someone can choose a correct choice by looking at the incorrect translation and to be able to translate vocabulary is the first priority to possess by test takers. Take a look at the following vocabulary:

     succeed

    publish

    dedicate

    Calculate

    Advertise

    Offer

    Reject

    Listen

    Correct

    Complete

    Live

    Inform

    Stay

    Recognize

    Appear

    Concentrate

    Change

    Work

    Employ

    Look at

    Look for

    Miss

    Open

    Turn

    Motivate

    Provide

    Decide

    Insert

    Avoid

    Produce

    Reduce

    Increase

    Present

    Relate

    Establish

    Penetrate

    Report

    Record

    Need

    Use

    Distribute

    Receive

    Inaugurate

    Appoint

    Employ

    Claim

    Save

    Blame

    Support

    Sponsor

    Represent

    Classify

    Satisfy

    Realize

    succeeded

    published

    dedicated

    Calculated

    Advertised

    Offered

    Rejected

    Listened

    Corrected

    Completed

    Lived

    Informed

    Stayed

    Recognized

    Appeared

    Concentrated

    Changed

    Worked

    Employed

    Looked at

    Looked for

    Missed

    Opened

    Turned

    Motivated

    Provided

    Decided

    Inserted

    Avoided

    Produced

    Reduced

    Increased

    Presented

    Related

    Established

    Penetrated

    Reported

    Recorded

    Needed

    Used

    Distributed

    Received

    Inaugurated

    Appointed

    Employed

    Claimed

    Saved

    Blamed

    Supported

    Sponsored

    Represented

    Classified

    Satisfied

    Realized

    succeeded

    published

    dedicated

    Calculated

    Advertised

    Offered

    Rejected

    Listened

    Corrected

    Completed

    Lived

    Informed

    Stayed

    Recognized

    Appeared

    Concentrated

    Changed

    Worked

    Employed

    Looked at

    Looked for

    Missed

    Opened

    Turned

    Motivated

    Provided

    Decided

    Inserted

    Avoided

    Produced

    Reduced

    Increased

    Presented

    Related

    Established

    Penetrated

    Reported

    Recorded

    Needed

    Used

    Distributed

    Received

    Inaugurated

    Appointed

    Employed

    Claimed

    Saved

    Blamed

    Supported

    Sponsored

    Represented

    Classified

    Satisfied

    Realized

    See

    Cut

    Grow

    Have

    Choose

    Hold

    Give

    Take

    Go

    Get

    Sing

    Think

    Read

    Write

    Leave

    Break

    Make

    Foresee

    Beat

    Bite

    Break

    Draw

    Fall

    Fly

    Grow

    Hide

    Shake

    Show

    Shrink

    Tear

    Throw

    Wear

    Weave

    Withdraw

    Saw

    Cut

    Grew

    Had

    Chose

    Held

    Gave

    Took

    Went

    Got

    Sang

    Thought

    Read

    Wrote

    Left

    Broke

    Made

    Foresaw

    Beat

    Bit

    Broke

    Drew

    Fell

    Flew

    Grew

    Hid

    Shook

    Showed

    Shrank

    Tore

    Threw

    Wore

    Wove

    Withdrew

    Seen

      Cut

    grown

    Had

    Chosen

    Held

    Given

    Taken

    Gone

    Got

    Sung

    Thought

    Read

    Written

    Left

    Broken

    Made

    Foreseen

    Beaten

    Bitten

    Broken

    Drawn

    Fallen

    Flown

    Grown

    Hidden

    Shaken

    Shown

    Shrunk

    Torn

    Thrown

    Worn

    Woven

    withdrawn

What is A Toefl?

INTRODUCTION

All university students at Esa Unggul University have to pass Toefl 1, Toefl 2 and Business English Subjects. At first, new students take toefl 1 in semester one. Sometimes, some students take this subject in semester two or three. Having passed toefl 1, students may take toefl two. It means toefl one is a pre-requisite subject. In other words, studenta are not allowed to take toefl one and toefl two at the same time. It is a bit different with toefl two. Toefl two and Business English subjects can be taken in the same semester.

A. WHAT IS A TOEFL ?

Toefl is a new thing to some students. They never learn about it at all. TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language. TOEFL is a test to measure the level of English proficiency of non-native speakers of English. It is required primarily by English-language colleges and universities. Additionally, institutions such as government agencies or scholarship programs may require the test.

The test currently has the following sections:

  1. Listening Comprehension (multiple choice): To demonstrate heir ability to understand spoken English, examinees must listen to a tape and respond to various types of questions.
  2. Structure and Written Expression (multiple choice) : To demonstrate their ability to recognize grammatically correct English, examinees must choose the correct way to complete the sentences and must find errors in sentences.
  3. Reading Comprehension (multiple choice): To demonstrate their ability to understand written English, examinees must answer questions about the meanings of words and ideas in reading passages.

The following chart outlines the probable format of a TOEFL test. (It should be noted that on certain occasions a longer version of the TOEFL test is given)

 

Sections of TOEFL Number of Question Time
Listening Comprehension 50 questions 35 minutes
Structure and Written Expression 40 questions 25 minutes
Reading Comprehension 50 questions 25 minutes
 Total Questions  140  Around 2 hours

B. Scoring and Grading System

 1.      Kelulusan dengan Toefl Score  ≥ 450

2.      Toefl Score tertinggi antara UTS dan UAS

3.      Kehadiran dan Tugas tidak termasuk komponen Nilai Akhir

C. CONVERTED TOEFL SCORES

               425 atau kurang……E

               426 – 449 ……………..D

               450 – 470 ……………..C

               471 – 485 ……………..B           

               486 atau lebih……….A

D. PAMU’S RULES

1.75 % attendance for final exam,

2. Must take mid and final exam,

3. Not more than 30 minutes late,

4. Good performance and attitude,

5. Turn off your hand phone during lecturing

 

Reading Comprehension Toefl 1

READING COMPREHENSION                                                                             

Reading Comprehension is the third section of Toefl. Here below, some essential notes are available in order to make good preparation.     

1.      Reading Comprehension consists of fifty questions (some tests may be longer).

2.      Generally, you only have fifty five minutes to complete this section.

3.      Topics of reading passage are varied, such as: American History, literature, art, architecture, geology, geography, economics, astronomy, music, sport, biology, law, physics, Chemistry, Biography, Invention, health etc.

4.      It is rarely found two similar topics at the same exam.

5.      Many participants confess that they are unable to finish this section because of limited  time.

6.       Sometimes, it is more efficient to learn the questions first then read the passage.

7.      Characteristics of questions:

–          Topic, main idea, title

–          Closest in meaning

–          Synonym

–          Referring to

–          Line

–          Except

–          Is not true

8.      Additional notes:

–          Pay attention to the first line of every paragraph.

–          Read carefully about names of people or places in the passage.

–          Be careful about number mentioned.

 

Reading Comprehension  (1)

            The three phases of human memory are the sensory memory, the short-term memory and the long-term memory. This division of memory into phases is based on the length of time of the memory. Sensory memory is instantaneous memory. It is an image or memory that enters your mind only for a short period of time; it comes and goes in under a second. The memory will not last longer than that unless the information enters the short-term memory.

Information can be held in the short-term memory for about twenty seconds or as long as you are actively using it. If you repeat a fact to yourself, that fact will stay in your short-term memory as long as you keep repeating it. Once you stop repeating it, either it is forgotten or it moves to long-term memory.

Long-term memory is a huge memory tank that can hold ideas and images for years and years. Information can be added to your long-term memory when you actively try to put it there through memorization or when an idea or image enters your mind on its own.

1.    The best title of this passage would be;

a.     the difference between sensory and short-term memory.

b.     how long it takes to memorize.

c.      the stage of human memory.

d.     human phases.

2.   The three phases of memory discussed in the passage are differentiated according to,      

a.     the location in the brain.

b.     the period of time it takes to remember something.

c.      how the senses are involved in the memory.

d.     how long the memory lasts.

3.  The expression ‘is based on’ in the line 3 could be replaced by,

a.     is on the top of.

b.     is at the foot of.

c.      depends on.

d.     is below.

 

4.   According to the passage, which type of memory is the shortest?

a.     sensory memory.

b.     active memory.

c.      short-term memory.

d.     long-term memory.

5.    According to the passage, when will the information stay in your short-term memory?

a.     for as long as twenty minutes.

b.     as long as it is being used.

c.      after you have repeated it many times.

d.     when  it has moved into long-term memory.

6.    The word ‘keep’ in line 10 could be replaced by,

a.     Hold.

b.     Continue.

c.      Retain.

d.     Save.

Reading Comprehension (2)

Coca-Cola was invented in 1886, by Atlanta pharmacist John S. Pemberton. The name for the product was actually proposed by Pemberton’s assistant, Frank Robinson. The name was taken from the two unusual ingredients in the drink, the South American coca leaf and the African cola nut.

The recipe for today’s Coca-Cola is very well guarded. Many of the ingredients are known. In addition to coca leaves and cola nut, they include lemon, orange, lime, cinnamon, vanilla and sugar. The proportion of the ingredients and the identity of Coke’s secret ingredients are known only by a few senior corporate officers of Coca-Cola Company.

1.      According to the passage, who created Coca-Cola?

(A)   The Coca-Cola company

(B)    John S. Pemberton

(C)    Pemberton’s assistant

(D)   Frank Robinson

2.      The word “unusual” in paragraph one is closest in meaning to

(A)   uncommon

(B)    important

(C)    unused

(D)   tasty

3.      The passage states that the recipe for Coca-Cola is

(A)   well-known

(B)    known only by a limited number of people

(C)    unknown

(D)   published information

4.      Which of the following is NOT true about Coca-Cola?

(A)   the name “coca” comes from coca leaf

(B)    the name “cola” comes from cola nut

(C)    Frank Robinson suggested the name

(D)   The inventor came up with the name

5.      The word “senior” in the second paragraph could be replaced by

(A)   trustworthy

(B)    high level

(C)    more mature

(D)   the owner