Reading Comprehension

A. Introduction

Reading Comprehension Section is the third and the last section of the three sections of toefl. As you have already known that every section has its own characteristics to complete and also needs certain strategies to complete owing to the handicaps. Generally,there are two main handicaps to complete this section, namely :; 1) limited time; and 2) new vocabulary. According to most test takers, they confess that they cannot finish this section because the available time (less than one hour) is not enough.

B. More detail explanation

Reading Comprehension Section consists of 50 questions derived from 5 to 7 reading passages. The topics of the passages are various such as : astronomy, geology, chemistry, medicine, engineering, sport, biography, economics, law, communication, literature, sociology, history, anthropology, architecture, psychology, art etc. There is no guarantee that the reading passages will be corresponding with test takers’ educational background. However, we never find two similar topics in a test. (Read your module p. 136 – The Passages)

C. Some Effective Strategies

1. We have to be accustomed to the question forms. ( module p. 137)

2. It is better you learn the questions first before reading the whole passage. By doing this, you can focus on certain parts or paragraphs related to the questions, because sometimes you choose the correct choice without mastering all the passage.

3. List the question form from the easiest then complete the 50 questions based on the list. Make priority to questions about closest in meaning, similar meaning, pronoun, and line. Question about topic, title, the purpose of the writer, unstated statement etc. you may do later. In other words, you need not need to start from question number 1 and you stop to number 50.

4. Remember, if you find new vocabulary, please do not get panic. Very often the next lines may give more explanation about it especially for technical term. Last but not least, add your vocabulary day after day and be familiar with various passages.

5. Learn your module pages 138 – 141

WRITING APPLICATION LETTER

A. Introduction

Frankly speaking, all graduates can be classified into two groups. First, those who want to run their own businesses (job creators) and second, those who want to look for job vacancies (job seekers). It is said that more than 90 % of the graduates belong to the second classification. This is caused by several main reasons : 1) they want to earn money as soon as possible, 2) they lack of qualifications as employers such as: leadership and managerial tasks, 3) they prefer low to high risk.

Dealing with the above brief description, we could say that application letter takes a great role for the success of job seekers. They need to know characteristics of good application letter and all its other essential elements, even though good application letter does not guarantee that they get jobs absolutely.

B. Types of Application Letter

Commonly, there are three types of application letter, namely; 1) application as a reply to advertisement; 2) application based on recommendation; 3) application based on initiative of the applicants. In other words, anytime applicants may send application letter as long as it is a private company. It is said that most working people get jobs through the first type, but the second type has strong possibility to be accepted.

C. Further Notes about Application Letter

– Application letter is a means of communication used by an applicant to keep in touch with the employer.

– As representative an applicant has to consider three important elements. They are quality of paper, tone and content.

– Employers are not interested with long application letter for they are very busy. Therefore, one page is recommended.

– Remember, it is not polite to say thanks at the end of the letter. It is said that English people will say thanks if they get something.

– The main philosophy of submitting application is not to apply the job itself. Instead, it will ask the employer to offer a chance of job interview. In order to get more detail information, let you open your module pages32 – 35.

– About CV Writing, you may design by yourself and compare with your module page 40.

– Examples of application letter can be found in your module pages 37 and 38.